Economy and Banking Sector of Sweden

Location Northern Europe
Population (2015)9 747 355 ↑ (+0.01%)
EU Status member since 1995
Economy
National Currency SEK (Swedish krona/kronor)
    Exchange Rate (2015-07-31) 1 EUR = 9.4622 SEK
GDP 
    Nominal GDP (2013)420.1 bln EUR ↑ (+0.03%)
    Nominal GDP per Capita (2013)43 800 EUR ↑ (+0.02%)
    Real GDP Growth (2014)2.1 % ↑ (2013: 1.5 %)
Inflation Rate 
    CPI, MoM (Jun 2015)-0.3 % ↓ (May 2015: 0.4 %)
    CPI, YoY (Jun 2015)0.4 % ↓ (May 2015: 0.9 %)
    CPI, Year Average (2014)0.2 % ↓ (2013: 0.4 %)
Unemployment Rate (2014)7.9 % ↓ (2013: 8.0 %)
Government Bond Yield (Jun 2015)0.99 % ↑ (May 2015: 0.75 %)
Credit Ratings (as of Jun 2015)
    FitchAAA highest credit quality, outlook stable
    Moody'sAaa prime, outlook stable
    S&PAAA prime
Taxation
Withholding Tax 0.0 - 30.0%
Double Taxation Agreements 77 signed agreements
Information Exchange 
    Exchange on Request 46 signed agreements
    Automatic Exchange starts in September 2017
Banking Sector
Financial Market Development 5.200 (max 7.000) rank: 12th out of 144 countries
    Banks' Soundness 5.800 (max 7.000) rank: 26th out of 144 countries
Banking Industry Country Risk 2(1 - lowest risk, 10 - highest risk)
    Economy Risk 2
    Industry Risk 3
Deposit Guarantee Scheme 
    Maximum Protected Amount 100 000 EUR
Country Ceiling for Deposits 
    Local Currency (Swedish krona/kronor)Aaa prime
    Foreign CurrencyAaa prime
Deposit Rates (Jun 2015, SEK)0.24 % ↓ (May 2015: 0.31 %)
Banking Sector Structure 
    Number of Banks162
    Recent Changes (2013) new banks: 0, closed banks: 1
    Consolidated Assets (2013) 1 203 bln EUR ↓ (-0.01%)
Major Banks
 Nordea Bank AB (publ)  Svenska Handelsbanken AB (publ)
 Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (publ) (SEB)  Swedbank AB (publ)
List of Banks in Sweden

Swedish Economy

National Currency

During the last 11 years EURSEK exchange rate was within the range 8.3362 - 11.4524, reaching its maximum in Feb 2009 and falling to its minimum in Aug 2012.

Euro to Swedish krona/kronor (EURSEK).
Chart 1. Euro to Swedish krona/kronor (EURSEK).Source: ECB.
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GDP

According to Eurostat, nominal GDP of Sweden in 2013 was 420.1 bln EUR.

Sweden outperforms the European Union in terms of real GDP growth with the average annual differential coming to 0.8% over the past 10 years (2004 - 2014). In 2014 real GDP growth was 2.1% which was above the Euro Area average (0.9%) and above the European Union average (1.3%). Real GDP growth in 2015 - 2020 are IMF's estimates.

Real GDP Growth in Sweden.
Chart 2. Real GDP Growth in Sweden.Source: Eurostat, International Monetary Fund.

In 2013, nominal GDP per capita in Sweden was 43 800 EUR.

Sweden has an above-average level of wealth in terms of per-capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP); this economic welfare indicator has, on average, exceeded that of the European Union by 31.5% over the past 10 years (2003 - 2013). GDP per capita at PPP in 2014 - 2020 are IMF's estimates.

GDP Per Capita at Purchasing Power Parity in  Sweden; European Union = 100.
Chart 3. GDP Per Capita at Purchasing Power Parity in Sweden; European Union = 100.
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Inflation Rate

According to Eurostat, inflation rate in Sweden in 2014 expressed as annual percentages of average consumer prices was 0.2% which was below the Euro Area average (0.4%) and below the European Union average (0.6%). Inflation rates in 2015 - 2020 are IMF's estimates.

Inflation Rate in Sweden.
Chart 4. Inflation Rate in Sweden.Source: Eurostat, International Monetary Fund.
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Taxation in Sweden

Withholding Tax

Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.

Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Sweden are shown in Table 1.

Dividends Interest
Natural person, resident 30.030.0
Natural person, non-resident 30.00.0
Table 1. Withholding tax rates in Sweden.
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Double Taxation Agreements

Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.

Sweden signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):

 Albania
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Argentina
 Australia
 Austria
 Azerbaijan
 Bangladesh
 Barbados
 Belarus
 Belgium
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Bulgaria
 Canada
 Chile
 China
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Egypt
 Estonia
 France
 Gambia
 Germany
 Greece
 Hungary
 India
 Indonesia
 Ireland
 Israel
 Italy
 Jamaica
 Japan
 Kazakhstan
 Kenya
 Korea, Republic of
 Latvia
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Macedonia
 Malaysia
 Malta
 Mauritius
 Mexico
 Montenegro
 Namibia
 Netherlands
 New Zealand
 Pakistan
 Philippines
 Poland
 Portugal
 Romania
 Russian Federation
 Serbia
 Singapore
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 South Africa
 Spain
 Sri Lanka
 Switzerland
 Tanzania, United Republic of
 Thailand
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Tunisia
 Turkey
 Ukraine
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Venezuela
 Vietnam
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

There are also several agreements between Sweden and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):

 Nigeria
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Information Exchange

There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:

  • spontaneously;
  • on request;
  • automatically.

Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.

Sweden signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):

 Andorra
 Anguilla
 Antigua and Barbuda (Jun 2013)
 Aruba
 Bahamas
 Bermuda
 British Virgin Islands
 Cayman Islands
 Cook Islands
 Curacao
 Denmark
 Faroe Islands
 Finland
 Gibraltar
 Greenland
 Guernsey
 Iceland
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 Liberia
 Liechtenstein
 Monaco
 Norway
 Panama (Dec 2013)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia (Aug 2013)
 Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
 Samoa
 San Marino
 Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
 Turks and Caicos Islands

There are also several agreements between Sweden and other jurisdictions which was signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):

 Bahrain
 Belize
 Brunei Darussalam
 Costa Rica
 Dominica
 Grenada
 Guatemala
 Macau
 Marshall Islands
 Montserrat
 Niue (Oct 2013)
 Qatar (Sep 2013)
 Seychelles
 Uruguay
 Vanuatu

Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.

Sweden signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.

Further Information:
Automatic Exchange of Information on Financial Accounts
Countries Which Will Not Automatically Exchange Account Information

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Swedish Banking Sector

Financial Market Development

According to World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015, financial market development in Sweden is scored 5.200 out of maximum 7.000 and ranked 12th out of 144 analysed economies. Soundness of banks is scored 5.800 bringing Sweden into the 26th place, trustworthiness and confidence of financial market is scored 5.700 (12th place).

Financial Market Development in Sweden.
Chart 5. Financial Market Development in Sweden.Source: WEF.
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Banking Industry Country Risk

Banking Industry Country Risk Assessment (BICRA) is a methodology designed by Standard&Poor's "to evaluate and compare global banking systems". A BICRA is scored on a scale from 1 to 10, ranging from the lowest-risk banking systems (group 1) to the highest-risk (group 10). The BICRA methodology has two main analytical components: "economic risk" and "industry risk". Each of the components is then further divided into 3 "factors" that result in an economic and industry risk score for each country.

Sweden is included into group '2' with economic risk scored '2' and industry risk scored '3'.

BICRA Group 2
Economic risk 2
    Economic resilience very low
     Economic imbalances intermediate
    Credit risk in economy low
Industry risk 3
    Institutional framework low
    Competitive dynamics low
    Systemwide funding intermediate
Government support assessment supportive

Table 2. BICRA for Sweden. Source: S&P's.

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Deposit Guarantee Scheme

Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.

From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:

  • if the depositor is eligible within the terms of the deposit guarantee scheme;
  • if the depositor's bank is a participant in the deposit guarantee scheme;
  • if the depositor's type of deposit is covered by the deposit guarantee scheme.

All these details about deposit guarantee scheme in Sweden are summarised in Table 3.

Scheme Participantsall credit institutions operating in Sweden, branches of Swedish banks abroad
Scheme Exemptionsbranches of foreign banks (covered by their home countries)
Eligible Depositorsprivate individuals, companies and other legal entities
Covered Accountsdeposits in all types of accounts
Maximum Protected Amount100 000 EUR
Paid In CurrencyEUR

Table 3. Deposit guarantee scheme in Sweden.

Further Information:
Deposit Guarantee Schemes in Europe

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Country Ceiling for Deposits

Moody's country ceilings for deposits specify the highest rating that can be assigned to local- or foreign- currency denominated deposit obligations of a bank or other deposit taking institution domiciled within that country.

Local currency (Swedish krona/kronor) deposit ceiling for Sweden is set to Aaa (prime), foreign currency deposit ceiling is Aaa (prime).

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Deposit Rates

In Jun 2015, an agreed annualised deposit rate in local currency (Swedish krona/kronor) of new contracts with agreed maturity up to 1 year between credit institutions and households was 0.24% .
Deposit Rates in Sweden.
Chart 6. Deposit Rates in Sweden.Source: ECB.
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Banking Sector Structure

Currently there are 162 credit institutions operating in Sweden.

Recent structural changes (2013 - 2014) of the banking sector of Sweden are summarised in Table 4.

20132014
Number of Opened Banks07
Number of Closed Banks111

Table 4. Recent structural changes in the banking sector of Sweden.

All the credit institutions operating in Sweden can be classified into several categories. Table 5 summarises the number of banks in each category.

CategoryNumber of Banks
Banks71
Branches of foreign banks30
Central banks1
Savings banks60

Table 5. Number of banks by category in Sweden.

The list of the most recently opened banks in Sweden is provided in Table 6.

NameStart Date
 Aros Kapital AB (new)December 2014
 UBS (Luxembourg S.A.) Sweden Bankfilial (new)December 2014
 Bank of China (Luxembourg) S.A. Stockhol m filial (new)August 2014
 Credit Suisse International,(UK)Bank Sweden Branch (filial) (new)August 2014
 Ålandsbanken Abp(Finland),svensk filial (new)August 2014
 Barclays Bank PLC Filial Stockholm (new)June 2014
 Söderberg och Partners Placeringsrådgivning AB (closed)March 2014

Table 6. The most recently opened banks in Sweden.

There are 30 branches of foreign banks from 10 different countries in Sweden. Table 7 shows the number of branches grouped by the country of origin.

Country of OriginNumber of Branches
 United Kingdom9
 Norway5
 Germany4
 Luxembourg3
 France2
 Denmark2
 Finland2
 Estonia1
 Switzerland1
 Belgium1

Table 7. Number of branches of foreign banks in Sweden grouped by country of origin.

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