Swedish Economy and Banking Sector
Durung the last 10 years EURSEK exchange rate was within the range 8.3362 - 11.4524, reaching its maximum in Feb 2009 and falling to its minimum in Aug 2012.
According to Eurostat, nominal GDP of Sweden in 2013 was 420.1 bln EUR.
Sweden outperforms the European Union in terms of real GDP growth with the average annual differential coming to 1.0% over the past 10 years (2002 - 2012). In 2013 real GDP growth was 1.5% which was above the Euro Area average (-0.5%) and above the European Union average (0.1%). Real GDP growth in 2014 - 2018 are IMF's estimates.
Sweden has an above-average level of wealth in terms of per-capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP); this economic welfare indicator has, on average, exceeded that of the European Union by 1.51% over the past ten years (2002 - 2012). In 2012, real GDP per capita in Sweden was 35 500 EUR.
GDP per capita at PPP in 2014 - 2018 are IMF's estimates.
According to Eurostat, inflation rate in Sweden in 2013 expressed as annual percentages of average consumer prices was 0.4% which was below the Euro Area average (1.4%) and below the European Union average (1.5%). Inflation rates in 2014 - 2018 are IMF's estimates.
Taxation in Sweden
Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Sweden are shown in Table 1.
Double Taxation Agreements
Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation. Sweden signed DTAs with the following countries:
Information Exchange Agreements
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil. Sweden signed TIEAs with the following countries:
Swedish Banking Sector
Financial Market Development
According to World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013, financial market development in Sweden is scored 5.292 out of maximum 7.000 and ranked 10th out of 144 analysed economies. Soundness of banks is scored 6.051 bringing Sweden into the 19th place, trustworthiness and confidence of financial market is scored 5.606 (15th place).
Banking Industry Country Risk
Banking Industry Country Risk Assessment (BICRA) is a methodology designed by Standard&Poor's "to evaluate and compare global banking systems". A BICRA is scored on a scale from 1 to 10, ranging from the lowest-risk banking systems (group 1) to the highest-risk (group 10). The BICRA methodology has two main analytical components: "economic risk" and "industry risk". Each of the components is then further divided into 3 "factors" that result in an economic and industry risk score for each country.
Sweden is included into group '2' with economic risk scored '2' and industry risk scored '3'.
Country Ceiling for Deposits
Moody's country ceilings for deposits specify the highest rating that can be assigned to local- or foreign- currency denominated deposit obligations of a bank or other deposit taking institution domiciled within that country.
Local currency (Swedish krona/kronor) deposit ceiling for Sweden is set to Aaa (prime), foreign currency deposit ceiling is Aaa (prime).
In June 2014, an agreed annualised deposit rate in local currency (Swedish krona/kronor) of new contracts with agreed maturity up to 1 year between credit institutions and households was 1.34%.
Banking Sector Structure
Currently there are 166 credit institutions operating in Sweden.
Recent structural changes (2013 - 2014) of the banking sector of Sweden are summarised in Table 3.
All the credit institutions operating in Sweden can be classified into several categories. Table 4 summarises the number of banks in each category.
The list of the most recently opened banks in Sweden is provided in Table 5.