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Economy and Banking Sector of Curacao

Caribbean Sea
Population  (2013)
152 760
EU Status
not part of the EU (OCT)
ANG (Netherlands Antillean guilder)
Nominal GDP
Credit Ratings (as of Sep 2016)
Consolidated Banking Assets
Deposit Guarantee
Number of Banks

Curacao is a constituent country of the Netherlands situated in the southern Caribbean Sea.

The economy of Curacao is well developed having international trade and financial services, tourism, petroleum refining and transshipment as the most important sectors.

There are more than 60 credit institutions operating in Curacao, including over 30 international banks.

List of Banks in Curacao

National Currency

Netherlands Antillean Guilder (ANG)

Curacao's official currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG), pegged to the US dollar at a fixed rate: 1 USD = 1.79 ANG.

Pegged Rate

1 USD = 1.79 ANG

Credit Ratings (as of Sep 2016)

Fitch Moody's
- -

Withholding Tax

Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.

Withholding Tax Rates in Curacao: 0.0 - 0.0%

Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Curacao are shown in Table 1.

Dividends Interest
Natural person, resident 0.0 %0.0 %
Natural person, non-resident 0.0 %0.0 %
Table 1. Withholding tax rates in Curacao.

Double Taxation Agreements

Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.

DTAs of Curacao: 4 Signed Agreements

Curacao signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 1 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):

 Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

Information Exchange

There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:

  • spontaneously;
  • on request;
  • automatically.

Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.

Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.

Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.

Exchange on Request: 23 Signed Agreements

Curacao signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 1 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):

 Faroe Islands
 New Zealand
 Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
 United States

There are also several agreements between Curacao and other jurisdictions which was signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after 1 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):

 Antigua and Barbuda
 Argentina (May 2014)
 British Virgin Islands
 Cayman Islands
 Colombia (Feb 2013)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 United Kingdom

Automatic Exchange: Starts in September 2018

Curacao didn't sign the automatic information exchange agreement but made a commitment to start the automatic information exchange in September 2018.

Automatic Excnange: 0 Bilateral Agreements to Receive Information

Curacao has not singed any bilateral agreements to automatically receive information.

Automatic Excnange: 0 Bilateral Agreements to Send Information

Curacao has not singed any bilateral agreements to automatically send information.

Further Information


Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).

FATCA Status in Curacao
IGA in effect since 16 December 2014, Model 1

Curacao has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 16 December 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Curacao are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Curacao's financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Curacao's authorities.

Further Information

Deposit Guarantee Scheme

Maximum Protected Amount

Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.

From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:

  • if the depositor is eligible within the terms of the deposit guarantee scheme;
  • if the depositor's bank is a participant in the deposit guarantee scheme;
  • if the depositor's type of deposit is covered by the deposit guarantee scheme.

There is no deposit guarantee scheme in Curacao.

Banking Supervision

Central Bank of Curacao and Sint Maartin

Banking Sector Structure

Number of Banks

Currently there are 53 credit institutions operating in Curacao.

All the credit institutions operating in Curacao can be classified into several categories. Table 2 summarises the number of banks in each category.

CategoryNumber of Banks
Branches of Foreign Banks1
Central banks1
Consolidated International Banks8
Credit Unions8
Local General Banks5
Non-Consolidated International Banks22
Savings and Credit Funds2
Savings Banks1
Specialized Credit Institutions4
Subsidiaries of Foreign Banks1

Table 2. Number of banks by category in Curacao.