Curacao is a constituent country of the Netherlands situated in the southern Caribbean Sea.
The economy of Curacao is well developed having international trade and financial services, tourism, petroleum refining and transshipment as the most important sectors.
There are more than 60 credit institutions operating in Curacao, including over 30 international banks.
|Population (2013)||152 760|
|EU Status||not part of the EU (OCT)|
|Dependent Territory Of||Netherlands (Constituent country)|
|National Currency||ANG (Netherlands Antillean guilder)|
|Credit Ratings (as of Sep 2016)|
|S&P||A-||upper medium grade|
|Withholding Tax||0.0 - 0.0%|
|Double Taxation Agreements||4 signed agreements|
|Exchange on Request||23 signed agreements|
|Automatic Exchange||starts in September 2017|
|FATCA||IGA in effect since 16 December 2014, Model 1|
|Deposit Guarantee Scheme|
|Maximum Protected Amount||0 ANG|
|Banking Supervision||Central Bank of Curacao and Sint Maartin|
|Banking Sector Structure|
|Number of Banks||55|
|List of Banks in Curacao|
Curacao is one of the OCTs (Overseas Countries and Territories) of the European Union. This means that although its nationals are in principle EU citizens, Curacao is not part of the EU or directly subject to EU law.
Curacao's official currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG), pegged to the US dollar at a fixed rate: 1 USD = 1.79 ANG.
Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Curacao are shown in Table 1.
|Natural person, resident||0.0||0.0|
|Natural person, non-resident||0.0||0.0|
Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.
Curacao signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:
Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.
Curacao signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Curacao and other jurisdictions which was signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.
Curacao didn't sign the automatic information exchange agreement but made a commitment to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).
Curacao has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 16 December 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Curacao are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Curacao's financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Curacao's authorities.
FATCA and European countries
Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.
There is no deposit guarantee scheme in Curacao.
Currently there are 55 credit institutions operating in Curacao.
All the credit institutions operating in Curacao can be classified into several categories. Table 2 summarises the number of banks in each category.
|Category||Number of Banks|
|Branches of Foreign Banks||1|
|Consolidated International Banks||9|
|Local General Banks||5|
|Non-Consolidated International Banks||22|
|Savings and Credit Funds||2|
|Specialized Credit Institutions||4|
|Subsidiaries of Foreign Banks||1|