|Population (2016)||848 319 (0.00%)|
|EU Status||member since 2004|
|National Currency||EUR (Euro) since 1 January 2008|
|Nominal GDP (2015)||17.4 bln EUR (-0.01%)|
|Nominal GDP per Capita (2015)||20 600 EUR (unchanged)|
|Real GDP Growth (2015)||1.6 % (2014: -1.5 %)|
|CPI, MoM (Sep 2016)||-0.4 % (Aug 2016: 0.4 %)|
|CPI, YoY (Sep 2016)||-0.4 % (Aug 2016: -0.6 %)|
|CPI, Year Average (2015)||-1.6 % (2014: -0.3 %)|
|Unemployment Rate (2015)||15.1 % (2014: 16.1 %)|
|Government Bond Yield (Sep 2016)||3.62 % (Aug 2016: 3.84 %)|
|Credit Ratings (as of Sep 2016)|
|Fitch||B-||highly speculative, outlook negative|
|Moody's||B1||highly speculative, outlook stable|
|S&P||BB-||non-investment grade speculative|
|Withholding Tax||0.0 - 0.0%|
|Double Taxation Agreements||51 signed agreements|
|Automatic Exchange||starts in September 2017|
|FATCA||IGA in effect since 02 December 2014, Model 1|
|Financial Market Development||3.2 (max 7.0)||rank: 120th out of 138 countries|
|Banks' Soundness||2.9 (max 7.0)||rank: 133rd out of 138 countries|
|Deposit Guarantee Scheme|
|Maximum Protected Amount||100 000 EUR|
|Country Ceiling for Deposits|
|Local Currency (Euro)||Baa1||lower medium grade|
|Foreign Currency||Baa1||lower medium grade|
|Deposit Rates (Aug 2016, EUR)||1.52 % (Jul 2016: 1.51 %)|
|Banking Sector Structure|
|Number of Banks||64|
|Recent Changes (2015)||new banks: 1, closed banks: 2|
|Consolidated Assets (2015)||73 193.23 mln EUR (-3.20%)|
|Bank of Cyprus Public Company Ltd||Hellenic Bank|
|Cyprus Popular Bank Public Co Ltd||USB Bank Plc|
|List of Banks in Cyprus|
Cyprus joined the Euro Area on 1 January 2008. The preceding national currency, Cyprus pound (CYP), was replaced by Euro.
According to Eurostat, nominal GDP of Cyprus in 2015 was 17.4 bln EUR.
Cyprus underperforms the European Union in terms of real GDP growth with the average annual differential coming to -0.9% over the past 10 years (2005 - 2015). In 2015 real GDP growth was 1.6% which was equal to the Euro Area average (1.6%) and below the European Union average (1.9%). Real GDP growth in 2016 - 2021 are IMF's estimates.
In 2015, nominal GDP per capita in Cyprus was 20 600 EUR.
Cyprus has a below-average level of wealth in terms of per-capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP); this economic welfare indicator has, on average, fell behind that of the European Union by -13.5% over the past 10 years (2005 - 2015). GDP per capita at PPP in 2016 - 2021 are IMF's estimates.
According to Eurostat, inflation rate in Cyprus in 2015 expressed as annual percentages of average consumer prices was -1.6% which was below the Euro Area average (0.0%) and below the European Union average (0.0%). Inflation rates in 2016 - 2021 are IMF's estimates.
Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Cyprus are shown in Table 1.
|Natural person, resident||0.0||0.0|
|Natural person, non-resident||0.0||0.0|
Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.
Cyprus signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Cyprus and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.
Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.
Cyprus signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).
Cyprus has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 02 December 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Cyprus are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Cyprian financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Cyprian authorities.
FATCA and European countries
According to World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, financial market development in Cyprus is scored 3.2 out of maximum 7.0 and ranked 120th out of 138 analysed economies. Soundness of banks is scored 2.9 bringing Cyprus into the 133rd place, trustworthiness and confidence of financial market is scored 3.5 (114th place).
Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.
From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:
All these details about deposit guarantee scheme in Cyprus are summarised in Table 2.
|Scheme Participants||all credit institutions operating in Cyprus (including branches of foreign banks), branches of Cyprian banks abroad|
|Maximum Protected Amount||100 000 EUR|
|Paid In Currency||EUR|
Table 2. Deposit guarantee scheme in Cyprus.
Deposit Guarantee Schemes in Europe
Moody's country ceilings for deposits specify the highest rating that can be assigned to local- or foreign- currency denominated deposit obligations of a bank or other deposit taking institution domiciled within that country.
Local currency (Euro) deposit ceiling for Cyprus is set to Baa1 (lower medium grade), foreign currency deposit ceiling is Baa1 (lower medium grade).
Currently there are 64 credit institutions operating in Cyprus.
Recent structural changes (2013 - 2015) of the banking sector of Cyprus are summarised in Table 3.
|Number of Opened Banks||0||1||1|
|Number of Closed Banks||26||45||2|
Table 3. Recent structural changes in the banking sector of Cyprus.
All the credit institutions operating in Cyprus can be classified into several categories. Table 4 summarises the number of banks in each category.
|Category||Number of Banks|
|Branches of foreign banks||24|
|Cooperative credit societies||14|
|Cooperative savings societies||11|
The list of the most recently opened banks in Cyprus is provided in Table 5.
There are 24 branches of foreign banks from 11 different countries in Cyprus. Table 6 shows 10 countries having the biggest number of branches in Cyprus.
|Country of Origin||Number of Branches|