Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Estonia are shown in Table 1.
|Natural Persons (residents)||0.0 %||20.0 %|
|Natural Persons (non-residents)||0.0 %||0.0 %|
Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.
Estonia signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions:
There are also several agreements between Estonia and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force:
There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:
Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.
Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.
Estonia signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.
Estonia has signed bilateral agreements with 58 jurisdictions to automatically receive information:
Estonia has signed bilateral agreements with 69 jurisdictions to automatically send information:
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).
Estonia has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 11 April 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Estonia are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Estonian financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Estonian authorities.