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Economy and Banking Sector of Estonia

Withholding Tax

Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.

Withholding Tax Rates in Estonia: 0.0 - 20.0%

Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Estonia are shown in Table 1.

Dividends Interest
Natural Persons (residents) 0.0 %20.0 %
Natural Persons (non-residents) 0.0 %0.0 %
Table 1. Withholding tax rates in Estonia.

Double Taxation Agreements

Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.

DTAs of Estonia: 57 Signed Agreements

Estonia signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions:

AL Albania
AM Armenia
AT Austria
AZ Azerbaijan
BH Bahrain
BY Belarus
BE Belgium
BG Bulgaria
CA Canada
CN China
HR Croatia
CZ Czech Republic
DK Denmark
FI Finland
FR France
GE Georgia
DE Germany
GR Greece
HU Hungary
IS Iceland
IN India
IE Ireland
IM Isle of Man
IL Israel
IT Italy
JE Jersey
KZ Kazakhstan
KR Korea, Republic of
LV Latvia
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
MK Macedonia
MT Malta
MX Mexico
MD Moldova, Republic of
NL Netherlands
NO Norway
PL Poland
PT Portugal
RO Romania
RS Serbia
SG Singapore
SK Slovakia
SI Slovenia
ES Spain
SE Sweden
CH Switzerland
TH Thailand
TR Turkey
TM Turkmenistan
UA Ukraine
AE United Arab Emirates
GB United Kingdom
US United States
UZ Uzbekistan

There are also several agreements between Estonia and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force:

CY Cyprus
RU Russian Federation

Information Exchange

There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:

  • spontaneously;
  • on request;
  • automatically.

Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.

Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.

Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.

Automatic Exchange: Starts in September 2017

Estonia signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.

Automatic Excnange: 58 Bilateral Agreements to Receive Information

Estonia has signed bilateral agreements with 58 jurisdictions to automatically receive information:

AD Andorra
AR Argentina
AU Australia
AT Austria
BE Belgium
BQ Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
BR Brazil
BG Bulgaria
CA Canada
CN China
CO Colombia
HR Croatia
CY Cyprus
CZ Czech Republic
DK Denmark
FO Faroe Islands
FI Finland
FR France
DE Germany
GI Gibraltar
GR Greece
GL Greenland
GG Guernsey
HU Hungary
IS Iceland
IN India
IE Ireland
IM Isle of Man
IT Italy
JP Japan
JE Jersey
KR Korea, Republic of
LV Latvia
LI Liechtenstein
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
MY Malaysia
MT Malta
MU Mauritius
MX Mexico
MC Monaco
NL Netherlands
NZ New Zealand
NO Norway
PL Poland
PT Portugal
RO Romania
SM San Marino
SC Seychelles
SG Singapore
SK Slovakia
SI Slovenia
ZA South Africa
ES Spain
SE Sweden
CH Switzerland
GB United Kingdom
UY Uruguay

Automatic Excnange: 69 Bilateral Agreements to Send Information

Estonia has signed bilateral agreements with 69 jurisdictions to automatically send information:

AD Andorra
AI Anguilla
AR Argentina
AU Australia
AT Austria
BE Belgium
BZ Belize
BM Bermuda
BQ Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
BR Brazil
VG British Virgin Islands
BG Bulgaria
CA Canada
KY Cayman Islands
CN China
CO Colombia
CR Costa Rica
HR Croatia
CY Cyprus
CZ Czech Republic
DK Denmark
FO Faroe Islands
FI Finland
FR France
DE Germany
GI Gibraltar
GR Greece
GL Greenland
GG Guernsey
HU Hungary
IS Iceland
IN India
ID Indonesia
IE Ireland
IM Isle of Man
IT Italy
JP Japan
JE Jersey
KR Korea, Republic of
LV Latvia
LI Liechtenstein
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
MY Malaysia
MT Malta
MU Mauritius
MX Mexico
MC Monaco
MS Montserrat
NL Netherlands
NZ New Zealand
NO Norway
PL Poland
PT Portugal
RO Romania
VC Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
WS Samoa
SM San Marino
SC Seychelles
SG Singapore
SK Slovakia
SI Slovenia
ZA South Africa
ES Spain
SE Sweden
CH Switzerland
TC Turks and Caicos Islands
GB United Kingdom
UY Uruguay

Further Information

FATCA

Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).

FATCA Status in Estonia
IGA in effect since 11 April 2014, Model 1

Estonia has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 11 April 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Estonia are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Estonian financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Estonian authorities.

Further Information