Gibraltar is a British overseas territory located at the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula and bordering Spain in the North.
Main industries contributing to Gibraltar GDP are tourism, banking and finance, shipping sector as well as telecommunications, e-commerce, and e-gaming.
A number of British and international banks have operations based in Gibraltar. Banks operating in Gibraltar are specialized in private banking and wealth management, while some of the banks also provide retail banking products and services.
Gibraltar issues its own currency, the Gibraltar pound (GIP) which is pegged at parity to the Pound sterling (GBP): 1 GIP = 1 GBP. British coins and notes also circulate in Gibraltar and interchangeable with Gibraltar issues.
1 GIP = 1 GBP
Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Gibraltar are shown in Table 1.
|Natural person, resident||0.0 %||0.0 %|
|Natural person, non-resident||0.0 %||0.0 %|
There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:
Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.
Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.
Gibraltar signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Gibraltar and other jurisdictions which was signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
Gibraltar signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).
|FATCA Status in Gibraltar|
|IGA in effect since 08 May 2014, Model 1|
Gibraltar has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 08 May 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Gibraltar are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Gibraltar financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Gibraltar authorities.
|Maximum Protected Amount|
|100 000 EUR|
Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.
From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:
All these details about deposit guarantee scheme in Gibraltar are summarised in Table 2.
|Scheme Participants||all credit institutions operating in Gibraltar, branches of non-EEA banks, branches of Gibraltar banks abroad|
|Scheme Exemptions||branches of EEA-banks (covered by their home countries)|
|Covered Currencies||EEA currencies|
|Maximum Protected Amount||100 000 EUR|
|Paid In Currency||GBP|
Table 2. Deposit guarantee scheme in Gibraltar.
EEA stands for European Economic Area and consists of all EU member states plus Liechtenstein, Norway and Iceland.
EEA currencies are all official currencies of EEA members. Switzerland is not a EEA member, but because CHF is the official currency of Liechtenstein, CHF also belongs to EEA currencies.
So, only the deposits made with Gibraltar banks in the following currencies are covered by the deposit guarantee scheme of Gibraltar
|RON||Romanian new leu|
It should be also noted that deposits in non-EEA currencies (for example, USD and JPY) are not covered by the Gibraltar deposit guarantee scheme.
Financial Services Commission
|Number of Banks|
Currently there are 13 credit institutions operating in Gibraltar.
All the credit institutions operating in Gibraltar can be classified into several categories. Table 3 summarises the number of banks in each category.
|Category||Number of Banks|
|Branches of foreign banks||5|
There are 5 branches of foreign banks from 3 different countries in Gibraltar. Table 4 shows the number of branches grouped by the country of origin.
|Country of Origin||Number of Branches|