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Economy and Banking Sector of Ireland

Financial System Development

Financial System
68.8, 42nd out of 144 countries
Banks' Soundness
57.5, 98th out of 144 countries

According to World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2019, financial market development in Ireland is scored 68.8 out of maximum 100.0 and ranked 42nd out of 144 analysed economies.

Financial Market Development in Ireland.

Chart 1. Financial Market Development in Ireland. Source: WEF.

Soundness of banks is scored 4.4 bringing Ireland into the 98th place.

Soundness of Banks in Ireland.

Chart 2. Soundness of Banks in Ireland. Source: WEF.

Further Information

Banking Focus

Banks in Ireland are mainly focused on the following areas:

  • savings and loans
  • corporate banking
  • investment banking

Banking Supervision

Central Bank of Ireland

Banking Sector Structure

Number of Banks
Consolidated Assets (2019)
523.28 bln EUR  (+15.10%)
Recent Changes (2018)
new banks: 4, closed banks: 14

Currently there are 332 credit institutions operating in Ireland.

In 2019 consolidated banking assets in Ireland were 523.28 bln EUR. The consolidated banking assets' evolution is shown at Chart 3 below.

Consolidated banking assets in Ireland.

Chart 3. Consolidated banking assets in Ireland.

Recent structural changes (2013 - 2018) of the banking sector of Ireland are summarised in Table 1.

Number of Opened Banks132244
Number of Closed Banks71432442514

Table 1. Recent structural changes in the banking sector of Ireland.

The list of the most recently opened banks in Ireland is provided in Table 2.

NameStart Date
J.P. Morgan Bank Luxembourg S.A., Dublin branchDecember 2018
Bank Julius Baer Europe S.A.December 2018
Sparkasse Bank Malta plcApril 2018
Crédit Suisse (Luxembourg) SAJanuary 2018
Close Brothers LimitedDecember 2017
Bank of China (UK) LimitedJuly 2017
Caceis BankJanuary 2017
Fca Bank S.p.a.January 2017
Opel Bank GmbHNovember 2016
LGT Bank AGNovember 2016

Table 2. The most recently opened banks in Ireland.

All the credit institutions operating in Ireland can be classified into several categories. Table 3 summarises the number of banks in each category.

CategoryNumber of Banks
Branches of foreign banks38
Central banks1
Credit unions265

Table 3. Number of banks by category in Ireland.

There are 38 branches of foreign banks from 13 different countries in Ireland. Table 4 shows 10 countries having the biggest number of branches in Ireland.

Country of OriginNumber of Branches
GB United Kingdom8
FR France7
LU Luxembourg6
DE Germany4
NL Netherlands4
BE Belgium2
MT Malta1
HU Hungary1
DK Denmark1
US United States1

Table 4. Number of branches of foreign banks in Ireland grouped by country of origin.

Deposit Guarantee Scheme

Maximum Protected Amount
100,000 EUR

Deposit guarantee scheme is a financial stability mechanism implemented in many countries to protect bank depositors against the loss of their deposits in the case when a bank is unable to meet its obligations to depositors by compensating certain deposits held by depositors of the bank. This compensation is paid out from the contributions which banks have made into a deposit guarantee fund.

From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:

  • if the depositor is eligible within the terms of the deposit guarantee scheme;
  • if the depositor's bank is a participant in the deposit guarantee scheme;
  • if the depositor's type of deposit is covered by the deposit guarantee scheme.

All these details about deposit guarantee scheme in Ireland are summarised in Table 5.

Maximum Protected Amount
100,000 EUR
Scheme Participants
all credit institutions operating in Ireland
branches of non-EEA banks
branches of Irish banks abroad
Scheme Exemptions
branches of EEA-banks (covered by their home countries)
Eligible Depositors
sole traders
small companies
Non-Eligible Depositors
public authorities
pension funds
collective investment schemes
certain other financial institutions
Covered Accounts
any credit balance on an account with a bank, for example
  • current accounts
  • demand deposit accounts
  • notice deposit accounts
  • certificates of deposit
  • fixed-term deposit accounts
  • share accounts in a building society or credit union
  • deposit element of structured deposits/tracker bonds may also be eligible
  • credit balances on credit cards issued by credit institutions may also be eligible
Paid In Currency

Table 5. Deposit guarantee scheme in Ireland.

EEA stands for European Economic Area and consists of all EU member states plus Liechtenstein, Norway and Iceland.

Further Information

Country Ceiling for Deposits

Moody's country ceilings for deposits specify the highest rating that can be assigned to local- or foreign- currency denominated deposit obligations of a bank or other deposit taking institution domiciled within that country.

Local Currency (Euro)
Aaa (prime)
Foreign Currency
Aaa (prime)

Local currency (Euro) deposit ceiling for Ireland is set to Aaa (prime), foreign currency deposit ceiling is Aaa (prime).