Monaco is a sovereign micro-state located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. It's one of the world wealthiest nations in terms of GDP per capita.
Historically Monaco have been attracting many foreigners to its casino making tourism one of the main Monaco's sources of income. Monaco has no personal income tax, which make it a popular destination for wealthy "tax refugees" from European countries. Nowadays, roughly one third of Monaco’s GDP is generated by two sectors: 1. scientific and technical activities, administrative and support services; 2. financial and insurance activities.
Monaco's banking sector traditionally specialises in private banking and private asset management services.
|Population (2016)||38 400 (+0.02%)|
|EU Status||not a member|
|National Currency||EUR (Euro)|
|Nominal GDP (2013)||4.9 bln EUR (+0.09%)|
|Nominal GDP per Capita (2013)||64 082 EUR (+0.07%)|
|Real GDP Growth (2013)||9.3 % (2012: 0.9 %)|
|Unemployment Rate (2013)||0.0 % (unchanged)|
|Credit Ratings (as of Sep 2016)|
|Withholding Tax||0.0 - 0.0%|
|Double Taxation Agreements||8 signed agreements|
|Exchange on Request||21 signed agreements|
|Automatic Exchange||starts in September 2018|
|Deposit Guarantee Scheme|
|Maximum Protected Amount||100 000 EUR|
|Country Ceiling for Deposits|
|Banking Sector Structure|
|Number of Banks||22|
|Recent Changes (2015)||new banks: 0, closed banks: 0|
|List of Banks in Monaco|
Monaco uses the Euro on the basis of a formal arrangement with the European Community.
According to Monegasque Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies, nominal GDP of Monaco in 2013 was 4.9 bln EUR.
Monaco outperforms the European Union in terms of real GDP growth with the average annual differential coming to 1.1% over the past 7 years (2006 - 2013). In 2013 real GDP growth was 9.3% which was above the Euro Area average (-0.5%) and above the European Union average (0.1%).
In 2013, nominal GDP per capita in Monaco was 64 082 EUR.
Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Monaco are shown in Table 1.
|Natural person, resident||0.0||0.0|
|Natural person, non-resident||0.0||0.0|
Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.
Monaco signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Monaco and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.
Monaco signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Monaco and other jurisdictions which was signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.
Monaco didn't sign the automatic information exchange agreement but made a commitment to start the automatic information exchange in September 2018.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).
Although there is no IGA between Monaco and the United States, banking and financial entities operating in Monaco have reached the agreement with the IRS to participate in FATCA on an individual basis.
FATCA and European countries
Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.
From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:
All these details about deposit guarantee scheme in Monaco are summarised in Table 2.
Credit institutions operating in Monaco participate in French deposit guarantee scheme on the same terms as French credit institutions
|Scheme Participants||all credit institutions operating in Monaco, branches of non-EEA banks, branches of Monaco's banks abroad|
|Scheme Exemptions||branches of EEA-banks (covered by their home countries)|
|Eligible Depositors||natural persons, legal entities|
|Covered Accounts||all deposit accounts (current accounts, demand accounts, passbook accounts, term accounts, home savings accounts, home savings schemes, etc.)|
|Covered Currencies||EEA currencies|
|Maximum Protected Amount||100 000 EUR|
|Paid In Currency||EUR|
Table 2. Deposit guarantee scheme in Monaco.
EEA stands for European Economic Area and consists of all EU member states plus Liechtenstein, Norway and Iceland.
EEA currencies are all official currencies of EEA members. Switzerland is not a EEA member, but because CHF is the official currency of Liechtenstein, CHF also belongs to EEA currencies.
So, only the deposits made with Monaco's banks in the following currencies are covered by the deposit guarantee scheme of Monaco
|RON||Romanian new leu|
It should be also noted that deposits in non-EEA currencies (for example, USD and JPY) are not covered by the Monaco's deposit guarantee scheme.
Deposit Guarantee Schemes in Europe
Moody's country ceilings for deposits specify the highest rating that can be assigned to local- or foreign- currency denominated deposit obligations of a bank or other deposit taking institution domiciled within that country.
Foreign currency deposit ceiling for Monaco] is Aaa (prime).
Currently there are 22 credit institutions operating in Monaco.
Recent structural changes (2013 - 2015) of the banking sector of Monaco are summarised in Table 3.
|Number of Opened Banks||1||1||0|
|Number of Closed Banks||2||2||0|
Table 3. Recent structural changes in the banking sector of Monaco.
All the credit institutions operating in Monaco can be classified into several categories. Table 4 summarises the number of banks in each category.
|Category||Number of Banks|
|Branches of foreign banks||1|
The list of the most recently opened banks in Monaco is provided in Table 5.
There are 1 branches of foreign banks from 1 different countries in Monaco. Table 6 shows the number of branches grouped by the country of origin.
|Country of Origin||Number of Branches|