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Economy and Banking Sector of Romania

Double Taxation Agreements

Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.

DTAs of Romania: 80 Signed Agreements

Romania signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 1 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):

 Albania
 Algeria
 Armenia
 Australia
 Austria
 Azerbaijan
 Bangladesh
 Belarus
 Belgium
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria
 Canada
 China
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Ecuador
 Egypt
 Estonia
 Finland
 France
 Georgia
 Germany
 Greece
 Hungary
 Iceland
 India (Dec 2013)
 Indonesia
 Ireland
 Israel
 Italy
 Japan
 Jordan
 Kazakhstan
 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
 Korea, Republic of
 Kuwait
 Latvia
 Lebanon
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Macedonia
 Malaysia
 Malta
 Mexico
 Moldova, Republic of
 Montenegro
 Morocco
 Namibia
 Netherlands
 Nigeria
 Norway
 Pakistan
 Philippines
 Poland
 Portugal
 Qatar
 Russian Federation
 San Marino
 Saudi Arabia
 Serbia
 Singapore
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 South Africa
 Spain
 Sri Lanka
 Sweden
 Switzerland
 Thailand
 Tunisia
 Turkey
 Turkmenistan
 Ukraine
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Uzbekistan

There are also several agreements between Romania and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after after 1 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):

 Uruguay

Information Exchange

There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:

  • spontaneously;
  • on request;
  • automatically.

Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.

Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.

Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.

Exchange on Request: 1 Signed Agreements

Romania signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 1 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):

 Guernsey

Automatic Exchange: Starts in September 2017

Romania signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.

Automatic Excnange: 55 Bilateral Agreements to Receive Information

Romania has signed bilateral agreements with 55 jurisdictions to automatically receive information:

 Andorra
 Argentina
 Australia
 Austria
 Belgium
 Brazil
 Bulgaria
 China
 Colombia
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Estonia
 Faroe Islands
 Finland
 France
 Germany
 Gibraltar
 Greece
 Greenland
 Guernsey
 Hungary
 Iceland
 India
 Ireland
 Isle of Man
 Italy
 Japan
 Jersey
 Korea, Republic of
 Latvia
 Liechtenstein
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Malaysia
 Malta
 Mauritius
 Mexico
 Monaco
 Netherlands
 New Zealand
 Norway
 Poland
 Portugal
 San Marino
 Seychelles
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 South Africa
 Spain
 Sweden
 Switzerland
 United Kingdom
 Uruguay

Automatic Excnange: 33 Bilateral Agreements to Send Information

Romania has signed bilateral agreements with 33 jurisdictions to automatically send information:

 Andorra
 Austria
 Belgium
 Bulgaria
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Estonia
 Finland
 France
 Germany
 Gibraltar
 Greece
 Hungary
 Ireland
 Italy
 Latvia
 Liechtenstein
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Malta
 Monaco
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Portugal
 San Marino
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Spain
 Sweden
 Switzerland
 United Kingdom

Further Information

FATCA

Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).

FATCA Status in Romania
IGA in effect since 28 May 2015, Model 1

Romania has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 28 May 2015 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Romania are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Romanian financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Romanian authorities.

Further Information