Sweden (officially the Kingdom of Sweden) is a prosperous, democratic country in Northern Europe with a high standard of living, a low level of corruption, and a high level of education and health care.
Swedish economy is characterised by a large, knowledge-intensive and export-oriented manufacturing sector; an increasing, but still small, business service sector. Main industries of Swedish economy are iron and steel, precision equipment, wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles.
Swedish banking sector is dominated by "Big Four" domestic banks, operating as universal banks. There are also a number of foreign-controlled banks, and regional savings banks. The "Big Four" Swedish banks have prominent presence in other Scandinavian Countries and Baltic States.
1 EUR = 9.5188 SEK (2017-02-24)
During the last 11 years EURSEK exchange rate was within the range 8.3362 - 11.4524, reaching its maximum in Feb 2009 and falling to its minimum in Aug 2012.
|Nominal GDP (2015)||Nominal GDP per Capita (2015)||Real GDP Growth (2015)|
|444.2 bln EUR (+0.03%)||45 300 EUR (+0.02%)||4.1 % (2014: 2.1 %)|
According to Eurostat, nominal GDP of Sweden in 2015 was 444.2 bln EUR.
Sweden outperforms the European Union in terms of real GDP growth with the average annual differential coming to 0.9% over the past 10 years (2005 - 2015). In 2015 real GDP growth was 4.1% which was above the Euro Area average (1.6%) and above the European Union average (1.9%). Real GDP growth in 2016 - 2021 are IMF's estimates.
In 2015, nominal GDP per capita in Sweden was 45 300 EUR.
Sweden has an above-average level of wealth in terms of per-capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP); this economic welfare indicator has, on average, exceeded that of the European Union by 23.7% over the past 10 years (2005 - 2015). GDP per capita at PPP in 2016 - 2021 are IMF's estimates.
|CPI, MoM (Dec 2016)||CPI, YoY (Dec 2016)||CPI, Year Average (2016)|
|0.5 % (Nov 2016: 0.0 %)||1.7 % (Nov 2016: 1.3 %)||1.1 % (2015: 0.7 %)|
According to Eurostat, inflation rate in Sweden in 2016 expressed as annual percentages of average consumer prices was 1.1% which was above the Euro Area average (0.2%) and above the European Union average (0.3%). Inflation rates in 2017 - 2021 are IMF's estimates.
|Unemployment Rate (2016)|
|6.9 % (2015: 7.4 %)|
|Government Bond Yield (Dec 2016)|
|0.61 % (Nov 2016: 0.43 %)|
|AAA (highest credit quality), outlook stable||Aaa (prime), outlook stable||AAA (prime)|
Withholding taxes are imposed at source of income and are often applied to dividends, interest, royalties, rent and similar payments. The rates of withholding tax are often reduced by double taxation agreements.
Withholding tax rates applied on payments of interest and dividends in Sweden are shown in Table 1.
|Natural person, resident||30.0 %||30.0 %|
|Natural person, non-resident||30.0 %||0.0 %|
Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries for the avoidance of double taxation.
Sweden signed DTAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Sweden and other jurisdictions which were signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
There are 3 ways for jusrisdictions to exchange information on tax matters:
Spontaneous exchange of information is provision of information that is forseeably relevant to another party without a request being previously sent.
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) enable exchange of information on request relating to a specific tax investigation, either criminal or civil.
Automatic information exchange allows jurisdictions to exchange information automatically, without having a specific tax investigation.
Sweden signed TIEAs which already came info force with the following jurisdictions (for agreements which came into force after 01 January 2013 the date of coming into force is given in brackets):
There are also several agreements between Sweden and other jurisdictions which was signed but haven't yet come into force (for agreements signed after 01 January 2013 of signing the agreement is given in brackets):
Sweden signed the automatic information exchange agreement on 29 October 2014 and committed to start the automatic information exchange in September 2017.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) which became law in the United States in March 2010, focuses on reporting made by foreign financial institutions about financial accounts held by US taxpayers or foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest. The FATCA-reporting is facilitated by Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs).
|FATCA Status in Sweden|
|IGA in effect since 08 August 2014, Model 1|
Sweden has FATCA agreement with the U.S. in effect since 08 August 2014 (Intergovernmental Agreement Model 1). Financial institutions operating in Sweden are required to identify U.S. taxpayers by January 1, 2017 and to report the information for 2017 and the subsequent years. The agreement is reciprocal: Swedish financial accounts hold in U.S. financial institutions will be reported to Swedish authorities.
|Financial Market Development|
|5.2 (max 7.0), 10th out of 138 countries|
|6.2 (max 7.0), 10th out of 138 countries|
According to World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, financial market development in Sweden is scored 5.2 out of maximum 7.0 and ranked 10th out of 138 analysed economies. Soundness of banks is scored 6.2 bringing Sweden into the 10th place, trustworthiness and confidence of financial market is scored 5.3 (18th place).
|Maximum Protected Amount|
|100 000 EUR|
Deposit Guarantee Schemes compensate certain deposits held by depositors of a bank that becomes unable to meet its obligations.
From a depositor's point of view it is important to know:
All these details about deposit guarantee scheme in Sweden are summarised in Table 2.
|Scheme Participants||all credit institutions operating in Sweden, branches of Swedish banks abroad|
|Scheme Exemptions||branches of foreign banks (covered by their home countries)|
|Eligible Depositors||private individuals, companies and other legal entities|
|Covered Accounts||deposits in all types of accounts|
|Maximum Protected Amount||100 000 EUR|
|Paid In Currency||EUR|
Table 2. Deposit guarantee scheme in Sweden.
Moody's country ceilings for deposits specify the highest rating that can be assigned to local- or foreign- currency denominated deposit obligations of a bank or other deposit taking institution domiciled within that country.
|Local Currency (Swedish krona/kronor)||Foreign Currency|
|Aaa (prime)||Aaa (prime)|
Local currency (Swedish krona/kronor) deposit ceiling for Sweden is set to Aaa (prime), foreign currency deposit ceiling is Aaa (prime).
|Average Deposit Rate (Nov 2016, SEK)|
|0.15 % (Oct 2016: 0.16 %)|
|Number of Banks|
|Consolidated Assets (2015)|
|1 622.43 bln EUR (-0.81%)|
|Recent Changes (2016)|
|new banks: 1, closed banks: 1|
Currently there are 159 credit institutions operating in Sweden.
Recent structural changes (2013 - 2016) of the banking sector of Sweden are summarised in Table 3.
|Number of Opened Banks||0||7||1||1|
|Number of Closed Banks||1||11||5||1|
Table 3. Recent structural changes in the banking sector of Sweden.
The list of the most recently opened banks in Sweden is provided in Table 4.
|Ecster AB (new)||June 2016|
|Lån & Spar Sverige, bankfilial (new)||November 2015|
|Aros Kapital AB (new)||December 2014|
|UBS (Luxembourg) S.A. Sweden Bankfilial (new)||December 2014|
|Bank of China (Luxembourg) S.A. Stockhol m filial (new)||August 2014|
|Credit Suisse International,(UK)Bank Sweden Branch (filial) (new)||August 2014|
|Ålandsbanken Abp(Finland),svensk filial (new)||August 2014|
|Barclays Bank PLC Filial Stockholm (new)||June 2014|
|Söderberg och Partners Placeringsrådgivning AB (closed)||March 2014|
Table 4. The most recently opened banks in Sweden.
All the credit institutions operating in Sweden can be classified into several categories. Table 5 summarises the number of banks in each category.
|Category||Number of Banks|
|Branches of foreign banks||30|
There are 30 branches of foreign banks from 10 different countries in Sweden. Table 6 shows the number of branches grouped by the country of origin.
|Country of Origin||Number of Branches|